One view I didn’t know about until recently is DBA_USERS_WITH_DEFPWD. This view appeared in 11g but it obviously passed me by. The reason it cropped up recently was a requirement to ensure that the default accounts in an Oracle database were not left with default passwords, regardless of their account status. In order to achieve this I knocked up a quick snippet of PL/SQL which could be added to automation scripts and therefore tick another box on the audit checklist. The code specifically doesn’t output the passwords to avoid leaving them in log files. I thought it was worth sharing here.
set serveroutput on begin for i in ( select 'alter user '||u.username||' identified by ' ||dbms_random.string('a', 10)||'_'||trunc(dbms_random.value(1,99)) cmd , username from sys.dba_users_with_defpwd u where username <> 'XS$NULL') loop dbms_output.put_line('Securing '||i.username||'...'); execute immediate i.cmd; end loop; end; /
And the output
SQL> set serveroutput on SQL> begin 2 for i in ( select 'alter user '||u.username||' identified by ' 3 ||dbms_random.string('a', 10)||'_'||trunc(dbms_random.value(1,99)) cmd 4 , username 5 from sys.dba_users_with_defpwd u 6 where username <> 'XS$NULL') 7 loop 8 dbms_output.put_line('Securing '||i.username||'...'); 9 execute immediate i.cmd; 10 end loop; 11 end; 12 / Securing GSMUSER... Securing MDSYS... Securing OLAPSYS... Securing LBACSYS... Securing ORDDATA... Securing ORDSYS... Securing DVF... Securing SYSDG... Securing APPQOSSYS... Securing WMSYS... Securing GSMCATUSER... Securing OJVMSYS... Securing SYSTEM... Securing XDB... Securing SI_INFORMTN_SCHEMA... Securing CTXSYS... Securing ORACLE_OCM... Securing MDDATA... Securing ORDPLUGINS... Securing SPATIAL_CSW_ADMIN_USR... Securing SPATIAL_WFS_ADMIN_USR... Securing DVSYS... Securing DBSNMP... Securing SYS... Securing SYSKM... Securing DIP... Securing ANONYMOUS... Securing AUDSYS... Securing GSMADMIN_INTERNAL... Securing SYSBACKUP... Securing OUTLN... PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.
And a second time, there is nothing to do
SQL> / PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.
The snippet could be changed to add “ACCOUNT LOCK” if required. Though beware locking SYS on 22.214.171.124 and above:
ORA-28000: The Account Is Locked When Log In As SYS User Remotely While SYS User Was Locked (Doc ID 1601360.1)